Research on the future development trend of computer technology

The development of computer networks and mobile technologies in the next 10 years

Computer Technology

Today, with the rapid development of computer technology, if someone asks you what will happen to your future PC? I believe that everyone can easily point out a few points, for example, the processing speed of computers will become faster, the functions of computers will become more powerful and perfect, of course, today, with the development of network technology, computers support wireless broadband. Network technology is also essential. However, as long as we observe it carefully, it is not difficult to find out that in fact, in the past more than 20 years, several well-known PC manufacturers around the world, such as DELL, IBM, Apple, etc., can be said to be innovative in PC.

No progress. To say that, the most obvious change is that the size of the PC has become more and more petite, and the processing power of the CPU has become stronger and stronger. Other aspects, such as computer architecture and design methodology, have not changed at all, almost the same as the PC architecture of Bill Gates and Steve Jobs in the past, without any substantial progress. In addition, the application of PCs is still limited to a few limited aspects such as “word processing”, “form production” and “graphic design”. The only change worth mentioning is the use of “email” and “timely information” brought about by the emergence and advancement of network technology.

However, with the advent of the information age, people’s requirements for computer performance are increasing day by day, and the above situation may be over. Experts predict that PC technology will undergo revolutionary changes in the next 10 years. Especially with the rapid development of network technology, some tasks traditionally handled by PCs will be transferred to the network for processing, which also puts higher requirements on computer technology. However, “technical bottlenecks” have become the main difficulties currently facing PC manufacturers, such as a new type of personal computing methods. So in a sense, if you want to break these technical barriers, these manufacturers must develop more advanced micro-processing technology and more advanced computer storage technology. To this end, computer research and development personnel in various countries are stepping up the development of new types of computers. The computer will produce a quantitative or qualitative leap from the transformation of the architecture to the device and technological revolution. In the near future, new types of quantum computers, photonic computers, biological computers, and nano-computers will enter our lives in the 21st century, and will spread throughout society.

First, the development of computer technology

Since the birth of the world’s first electronic computer in 1946, the development of electronic computer technology has gone through more than half a century. From the first generation of tube computers to the sixth generation of neural network computers that are being developed, the size of computers is getting smaller, but performance, speed and storage are constantly improving. However, human pursuits are endless, and scientists have not stopped studying better, faster, and more powerful computers. From the current research direction, the future computer will develop in the following aspects.

(1) Specialization in work. People who have used computers know that not every work needs a high-performance PC to complete, and sometimes even using a high-performance computer to do a simple thing can cause trouble. Because high performance will bring adverse effects such as high energy consumption and high heat generation.

Therefore, it can be predicted that the future computer will be very different in performance and appearance depending on the work that everyone is engaged in. Specially-designed PCs will have dedicated equipment to increase our productivity. In fact, if you pay close attention to it now, this change is happening around us. For example, cash registers in large supermarkets, PCs selling lottery tickets, and bank terminals, etc., are all gradually developed from general-purpose PCs in order to improve the efficiency and cost of a certain job. Perhaps in the near future, such a trend will appear in our family life, such as using the “family smart computer” as the home appliance control center, for us to control the home’s lights, televisions, refrigerators, air conditioners, washing machines, etc. Our home has become a smart home.

  (2) The system is intelligent. With the increasing power of the computer, it is foreseeable that the civilian computer in the future may begin to have a certain degree of intelligence to help us deal with the trivialities of daily life, even before we have done what we want to do. The chores of living robots allow people to free up more time for work, study, communication and entertainment.
As everyone knows, in today’s society, electronic pets have become more and more popular among younger generations. This is not only because electronic pets are more convenient to feed than real kittens, but it can also be constantly updated, and it is easier to communicate with the owner, even simulate multiple pets, and communicate with computers. and many more. These advantages will allow electronic pets to replace some of the real pets and become new partners for future humans.
(3) Environmental protection in design. Environmental protection and energy conservation are the themes of today’s times. The development of society should also be based on the premise of protecting the environment and saving energy. The computer industry is no exception.

We know that as the overall performance of computers increases, so does the energy consumption; and now computers play an increasingly important role in people’s family life, and the time it runs will change. It will take longer. Therefore, in order to prevent the computer from becoming the most expensive electric appliance in the home, the technicians also tried various ways to reduce the energy consumption of the computer. In this case, specialized computers like those mentioned above appeared. It not only greatly increases the efficiency of the computer, but also enables the low-performance hardware system to have professional functions to reduce energy consumption. In addition, computers can be significantly reduced in energy consumption by adopting new architectures, such as “quantum”, “photon”, and “nano” instead of existing silicon-based computers. The second-largest consumer of power consumption, the display system, will no longer become a major consumer of electricity because of the popularity of displays such as LCDs and OLEDs.

(4) Exchange of humanity. As a tool for future work and life of human beings and as an intelligent control center for families, computers need to communicate with users continuously to better serve users. This requires communication between the computer and the person to be humanized so that the user is really willing to use the computer. We use the phrase “the computer will become a product that can communicate with users and express emotions such as warmth, anger and anger” with the vice president of Microsoft Fuchuan of the United States. I want to explain the development of a future computer. I want to be more appropriate.

In order to achieve this goal, it is conceivable that the future interaction between the computer and the user will be diversified, and the user can not only control through writing, but also through language control, and even though the eyes. In these simple ways, the user is able to control the computer and complete the work.

And because with the improvement of computer intelligence, most of them can automatically select the process of operation, and the process does not require people to participate, so the interface of the software is more and more simple, and it is as simple as using home appliances or mobile phones. Users do not need to carry out special study or training, even the elderly and children can use it freely. The development of information technology will make people communicate with computers just like people. People using computers will become more natural. The result: the user interface of the computer will become more human, although its application is not an “artificial intelligence” program.

 (5) Control network. Nowadays computers have become more and more popular, and various household appliances have begun to have intelligent microcomputer systems. These phenomena will promote the networking of home appliances and computers. The home network distributed system will gradually replace the current single-machine operation mode, and the computer can control the operation of various home appliances through the network. It can even be developed that if we are not satisfied with the existing functions of the home appliances, we can also download various new home appliance applications through the Internet to increase the functions of home appliances and improve the performance of home appliances. People can also remotely control home appliances through the Internet. In the office or outdoors, they can make home appliances, cook dishes, air conditioners, etc. in advance through the Internet. Of course, these are still beautiful ideas, and there is still a long way to go. But I believe that it will not take much time, these ideas will be realized in our lives.

Third, the development of network technology

Today, when network technology is so developed, people can’t help but connect with the Internet when they talk about computers. Today, computers and the Internet have become two closely related terms. The reason for this is that on the one hand, with the expansion of the network, isolated computers that have not joined the network will become more and more difficult to see. On the other hand, the concept of computers is also extended by the network, and the computer is more popular. The Internet that emerged in the 1990s has developed very rapidly in the past decade, and its impact and popularity have never been seen before. In the history of mankind, we have found that there is never a technology that can change people’s work, study, life and various habits quickly and violently like the Internet. The Internet is a general term for a computer network architecture centered on the TCP/IP protocol. In the nearly 30 years of development of computer network technology, various computer network architectures and technologies have emerged.

They strive to provide Internet-like functions and services, but none of them can be technically and practically like the Internet. Adapting to various changes, achieving great success today, and is having a profound impact on the future development of computer network technology. Nowadays, almost all countries in the world have computer networks connected directly or indirectly to the Internet, making it a global computer network. We can communicate freely with other users around the world via the Internet, and we can get all kinds of information from the Internet. Nowadays, people have fully realized the charm of the network. The Internet has greatly narrowed our boundaries between time and space. Through the network, people can share computer hardware resources, software resources, and information resources. Now the concept of “the network is the computer” has been proved by the facts and has been gradually accepted by the world.

In the 21st century, the Internet Internet Internet boom will hit the world more dramatically. Because it is having a huge impact on the progress of society as a whole, it has aroused great concern from governments and people around the world. Looking back at the development of China’s Internet after the 21st century, we can feel the popularity of the Internet. In the past four years, the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) survey of China’s Internet network shows that China’s Internet development has exploded. In January 2000, the number of Internet computers in China was 3.5 million, and the number in 2004 was 36.3 million. More than ten times; in January 2000, the number of Internet users in China was 8.9 million; in July 2004, the number of statistics was 87 million, which was close to 10 times; in January 2000, the number of domain names registered under CN was 48575, 2004 7 The monthly statistics are 382,216, which is close to 8 times. Such rapid growth has made us have to admire the power of the network, and with the population base of China and the increasing popularity of computers, these figures will multiply.
The rapid development of the domestic Internet shows the broad prospects of the Internet.

Of course, this kind of prosperity is inseparable from the contributions of many excellent ISPs and ICPs in China and personal sites. In just four years, China’s Internet has completed the transition from poor to substantial, and the number of Internet users has soared to 87 million. The results are indeed gratifying. However, after completing the digital warehousing of information for the purpose of expanding content, how to continue to prosper and accelerate development will be an urgent problem for us in the future.

Now that the network has occupied an increasingly important position in people’s daily life and work, how to speed up the planning and construction of a sound network will become the main work target of technicians in the next 10 years. A series of problems such as network scalability and security, network service quality and new network applications are placed in front of technicians. Therefore, it is imperative to establish a transparent all-optical network, and the transmission rate and quality of the Internet will be improved. It is very important to change. In the future, people will be able to popularize corporate e-commerce, school distance learning, corporate video conferencing, video libraries, and medical diagnostics on the Internet. At the same time, the construction of the emerging wireless network will become the main battlefield for many companies to compete. In the future, we can connect to the Internet anytime and anywhere through wireless access, communicate with each other, obtain information, and watch entertainment programs.

We can expect that all kinds of new microcomputers and information terminal products for global networked applications will become the main products in the future. Portable computers, digital genetic computers, mobile handsets, and end products, as well as a variety of handheld personal information terminal products, will gradually appear on the market and become popular. These products will integrate mobile computing with digital communications, such as embedding high-performance chips and software in mobile phones, surfing the Internet according to standard unlimited communication protocols (such as Bluetooth), watching TV, listening to the radio, and so on. The new generation that grows on the Internet naturally does not use the car as a means of transportation. The new generation of cars will provide users with functions such as Internet access, office, and home entertainment, and become an information platform on wheels.

Fourth, the development of mobile technology

With the rapid development and wide application of the Internet, the maturity of wireless mobile communication technologies, and the continuous improvement of computer processing capabilities, new businesses and applications in various industries in the future will continue to emerge. Mobile computing is an important direction for the development of the industry to improve work efficiency and to exchange and process information at any time. Mobile computing will be the main force that will be active in the industrial market in the future. As we all know, the builders of the industry information platform hope that this platform can become the backbone of the industry. The information platform under the early traditional concept, due to the impact of technological progress, has clearly revealed a weak situation. Therefore, with its new integration power, mobile computing will bring a new feeling to the information industry that is being built.

The introduction of a mobile computing information platform has three aspects: First, plus the integrated information platform not only to achieve the interconnection of business networks and delivery networks but also to have mobile or wireless operational capabilities. Second, mobility will bring freedom and freedom, which is a sufficient condition for enriching business operations and bringing greater convenience. Third, let more flexible information and more pragmatic offers have real-time and space value and transferability, and then organically compete in the industry for cooperation, turn to be a win-win, activate solidified products and services, and make enterprises It is easier for the industry to face opportunities and challenges, making operators more imaginative. These are all necessary conditions for building an industry information platform.

Mobile computing mainly includes three elements: communication, calculation and movement. These three aspects are independent and interrelated. In fact, before the concept of mobile computing was put forward, people have been studying its three elements for a long time, and mobile computing is the first time to combine them for research. The three can be transformed into each other. For example, the capacity of the communication system can be improved by calculation processing. Mobile computing, because it is a large fusion of comprehensive tools, it can at least three levels of information for the icing on the cake. First, it can integrate various communication networks and technologies according to the different needs of the application to achieve completeness of utility. Secondly, it is the perfect integration of computer technology and communication technology, which enables the two to play a larger role in the industry system. Third, it can integrate enterprise management tools and business tools into the large system of information so that the management and business decision-making of the enterprise is based on a complete information platform, thus greatly increasing its timeliness. Sex and effectiveness.

While mobility can bring new applications to computing and communications in the industry, it will inevitably bring many problems. The biggest problem is how to face the challenges brought by the wireless mobile environment. In a wireless mobile environment, signals are subject to interference and influenced by various factors, because there are multipaths and movements, which cause time and geographical dispersion of signals, limited band resources, and large transmission time delays. And other issues. Such an environment leads to many problems not encountered in mobile communication networks and computer networks. First, signal path reliability issues and system configuration issues. Limited wireless bandwidth and poor communication environments make it necessary for applications to be built on an unreliable, potentially disconnected physical connection. In a mobile computing network environment, the mobile terminal location movement requires the system to be configured and updated in real-time. Second, in order to truly implement various calculations on the move, it is necessary to support broadband data services. Third, how to extend the existing mobile management technology mainly for voice services to broadband data services. Fourth, how to port some mature technologies in fixed computing networks to mobile computing networks.

Of course, with the gradual maturity and improvement of network technology and mobile computing technology, these problems will be effectively solved. I believe that in the near future, human beings will enter a new network world. At that time, the work, study, and lifestyle will be very much. I think it is worth our expectations.

V. Conclusion

We should not be complacent about the bright future we are expecting. In fact, there are still many problems before us. The so-called water can carry a boat, but also can be overturned. How to determine the trade-off and balance will be an important key to the development and application of computers and related technologies in the future.

With the increasing popularity and development of computer and network technology, people will be able to make life easier for everyone, gradually break the boundaries between time and space, and promote the rapid development of science and technology. However, the negative impacts will also expand and deepen, such as the alienation of interpersonal relationships, the increasing dependence of people on computers, and even more sophisticated criminal technology. Therefore, looking at the relationship between computer technology and individuals is not only closer and closer but also has a profound impact on the future of human society. Therefore, we must clearly understand that technology always comes from the source of humanity. The development of computers and related technologies must not only be technically perfect, but the human-machine interface also strives for perfection, network operation and management are constantly improved and perfected, and their management must be added. On the “humanistic quality”, this is the most important basic element in the development trend of computers. (Wen Wen / Jiang Yanshuang)

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