With the launch of the 5G commercial curtain, the digital economy era of the Internet of Everything is accelerating, and the massive data explosion puts very high demands on computing power. The supercomputer (supercomputer) ushers in a favorable opportunity for development and the fusion becomes a supercomputer. A major trend in future development.
Not long ago, the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC2019) announced the new global high-performance computer (HPC) TOP500 list. There are 219 super-calculations in China, ranking first in the list. This is also the fourth consecutive time that China’s super-calculations have been ranked first since November 2017. Lenovo, Inspur and Zhongke Shuguang ranked the top three global super-calculator manufacturers with 173, 71 and 63 sets respectively.
There is no doubt that supercomputers are becoming an important national force, and high-performance computing has become the “engine” for technological advancement and scientific breakthroughs. Supercomputers are playing in the latest basic science fields, such as atmospheric change simulation, nuclear fusion research, life sciences, astrophysics, and in the most popular industries, such as artificial intelligence, big data, and more. More and more important status.
Supercomputers have always been the highest point of technology in the world. However, today’s competition focus has shifted from P-level computing (1 PFlops, petaflops) to E-level computing (1 EFlops, billions of calculations).
The United States, the European Union, and Japan have all implemented plans to establish an E-class computer system. The first E-level supercomputer system will be completed around 2021. My country has also been laid out in this regard. In 2009, China’s first petascale supercomputer “Tianhe No. 1” Phase I system was successfully developed, becoming the second country after the United States to develop a petascale supercomputer. It is reported that during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, the goal of China’s key research and development special “high-performance computing” is to break through the core technology of E-class computer, relying on independent controllable technology to develop an E-class high-performance computer system that meets the application requirements, and make China’s high performance. The performance of the computer has maintained the world’s leading level at the end of the 13th Five-Year Plan.
It is difficult to develop such a system. Qian Depew, dean of the School of Data Science and Computer Science at Sun Yat-sen University, said that high-performance processors and accelerators, especially 3D memory, new types of memory devices, optical switching and optical transmission, are the current bottlenecks in China.
“In such an international environment, self-controllability may not be an option, but the only way out. It is not contradictory to rely on self-control and open cooperation. But we only have strong self-control, and we have a technology that we can control. Cooperation is carried out,” said Qian Depei.
The integration with artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and big data has become a big opportunity for the development of supercomputers.
Sun Ninghui, director of the Institute of Computing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, said that convergence is the future trend. Not only the integration of traditional high-performance computing and AI, supercomputing and cloud computing will certainly be integrated in the future. Super-computing is not only the foundation of cloud computing. High-performance computing will also provide services in the form of cloud computing to the user.
The market potential of this piece is also huge. According to IDC’s forecast, it is the domestic artificial intelligence server market. The market space will reach 2.5 billion US dollars in 2021, and the annual compound growth rate will reach 50%.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also proposed that China will be application-oriented, break through the key technologies of big data, especially accelerate the improvement of high-performance computing, big data computing systems, improve data analysis and knowledge discovery capabilities, continue to strengthen the research and development of big data technology products, and encourage Enterprises play the role of innovation subject, break through the new computing, storage, sensing and other technologies for big data, accelerate the integration of resources for production, education and research, promote the coordinated development of software and hardware, and let computing power “energy” to more industries.
Many enterprises are taking the lead in super-application application layout through cross-border integration. “In the era of the digital economy, innovation with technology as the core has arrived. Faced with the future development trend, Lenovo is ready.” At the recent 2019 Lenovo Global Supercomputing Summit, Lenovo Group Senior Vice President, Data Center Business Group Tongfu, president of China, said that Lenovo will focus on technology integration, industry integration, and ecological integration, with the focus on technology, and help the industry break and develop.
It is reported that Lenovo’s super-calculation team and super-computing products, including the end-to-end system, are actively providing solutions for research, education, aerospace, meteorology, petroleum and petrochemical, and life sciences. At the super-calculation conference, Lenovo’s new “Deep Teng X9000” system is the result of Lenovo’s deep cultivation in high-performance computing and AI. “Lenovo’s super-computing technology is not only in the laboratory to do theoretical research but more in combination with the application of the industry.” Tong Fu said.
Not only that, Lenovo will also focus on building the HPC eco-chain, working with hardware vendors including Intel, Cambrian and other vendors to actively open up the ecosystem at the software level, attracting mainstream vendors to join the alliance. At the business level, Lenovo Ventures invested in face++. , Galaxy Drop Technology and a series of potential artificial intelligence companies.
Another giant in the field of domestic supercomputers, Zhongke Shuguang, has already made a force in this field. Ren Jing, senior vice president of Zhongke Shuguang, has publicly stated that advanced computing, including supercomputing, big data, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other emerging IT information technologies, is the core and cornerstone of the new generation information technology industry. It is reported that Zhongke Shuguang has been deploying smart cities since 2009, and continues to integrate the latest technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and cloud computing into smart city construction and other fields. At present, there are more than 40 urban cloud computing centers.
“We should pay attention to the integration of supercomputing and artificial intelligence, big data, super-computing support for big data, artificial intelligence is very obvious.” Qian Depei said that super-computing and big data, artificial intelligence are closely related and support each other. Supercomputing is the foundation of big data analysis and deep learning-based artificial intelligence technology and application. Supercomputers and big data have changed the way artificial intelligence research applications. Big data and artificial intelligence will profoundly affect future supercomputer architectures and implementation technologies.